When adjudicating a motion, the AAO will first determine whether the motion meets the requirements of a motion to reopen and/or reconsider. If the AAO grants the motion, it will reopen the proceeding and/or reconsider the prior decision, and issue a new decision that affirms or withdraws its prior decision. The AAO may grant a motion but still issue an unfavorable decision on the underlying immigration benefit request.
The regulations for motions to reopen and motions to reconsider are located at 8 C.F.R. § 103.5.